My Confederate Series – 1891

My Confederate Series – 1891

In 1885, Minister to the United Kingdom and retired General James Longstreet and former Representative and Mayor of Kansas City Robert Van Horn were elected President and Vice President, respectively. The two Whigs were the first non-Democrats to hold their respective positions, and President Longstreet has been viewed as one of, if not the most, successful Presidents in the country’s young history. Despite this, he hasn’t been as popular as one would expect, though he has tremendously strengthened the Whig Party on a national level and hopes that his Secretary of State, John Mosby, can succeed him. However, the People’s Party (Populist Party) has formed and is expected to take some support away from the Whigs. Can Secretary Mosby succeed President Longstreet as the 2nd Whig President, or will President Longstreet and President Beauregard’s Attorney General, Democrat Augustus Garland, beat out 10+ competitors and win the Presidency? Or will the Populist Commissioner of Agriculture, Leonidas Polk, win the Presidency? Candidates are as follows:

Democrats

  • Attorney General Augustus Garland
  • Former Senator Wade Hampton III
  • Senator Francis Cockrell
  • Senator John Morgan
  • Governor Simon Bolivar Buckner
  • Former Governor Fitzhugh Lee
  • Senator Richard Coke
  • Former Governor Sul Ross
  • Senator Alfred Colquitt
  • Senator Matt Ransom
  • Representative Clifton Breckinridge
  • Former Governor J. Proctor Knott
  • Senator Isham Harris
  • Former Governor Robert Lowry
  • Senator Matthew Butler

What-if?s

  • Former Vice President JLM Curry
  • Former President John B. Gordon

Whigs

  • Secretary of State John Mosby
  • Former Senator William Mahone
  • Ambassador to the United Kingdom and former Mayor of Norfolk William Lamb
  • Judge John Paul
  • Former Representative Curtis Hooks Brogden

What-if?s

  • President James Longstreet
  • Vice President Robert Van Horn

Populists

  • Commissioner of Agriculture Leonidas L. Polk

For a brief electoral history of the CSA, see http://270soft.ipbhost.com/topic/14754-basic-history-of-my-confederate-series/

President Infinity 1808 Election

 

*The Historical Scenario Commission greatly updated this scenario on July 17, 2017 and January 6, 2018. Version 3.0 can be found here: United States – 1808 Final

Background:

This election takes place as Thomas Jefferson’s second term is winding down. While Jefferson’s first term was wildly popular, his decision to unleash an embargo against Great Britain has crippled Northern industry, upsetting even Northern Republicans. Despite this, Jefferson’s popularity is still high, but he has chosen to retire, rather than seek a 3rd term.

As such, Jefferson’s Secretary of State, James Madison, moves to the front rank as Jefferson’s preferred successor. Yet, Madison hasn’t the charisma that Jefferson had and, therefore, seems potentially vulnerable. Therefore, conservative Republicans led by John Randolph, who believe Jefferson and Madison are too moderate, promote James Monroe for the nomination. Meanwhile, Northern Republicans push for George Clinton’s nomination, as they tired and feared a continued Virginia Dynasty.
Federalists also sensing an out-side chance of victory, debated on whether to support Clinton’s nomination or to field one of their own candidates. Ultimately, they chose their own candidate. As Federalist leaders couldn’t convince any of their superstar politicians to run, such as Chief Justice John Marshall, they opted to support the same ticket as in 1804, Charles Coatesworth Pinckney and Rufus King.
Internationally, the Napoleonic Wars dominate the headlines.

What Really Happened?

After some tension, James Madison was able to wrap up his nomination for president rather convincingly, thanks to the endorsement of Thomas Jefferson and the Nominating Caucus. Madison kept Jefferson’s VP, George Clinton. However, groups of Never Madisons supported either VP Clinton or Monroe through election day.

Madison easily defeated Pinckney for the presidency, even taking Vermont. Yet, it could have gone another direction. Clinton supporters made headway in NY, and could have possibly held the state. A stronger Federalist candidate would have captured all of New England, plus Delaware. John Marshall, a popular Southern Federalist, would have likely to Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina. Pennsylvania might have been a contest. In short, fear of defeat held back a chance of victory in what could have been a more contested election.
Need a Suggestion as to who to play as? Try an win as these candidates:
  • Why not test your skill by attempting to defeat James Madison with Charles Coatesworth Pinckney?
  • What if George Clinton had taken the nomination for himself and his Northern Republicans?
  • What if James Monroe had won the nomination for himself and his conservative Old Republicans?
  • What if Thomas Jefferson had run for a 3rd term?
  • What if Aaron Burr opted to run, despite crippling scandals?
  • What if Elbridge Gerry, a rare Massachusetts Republican, ran?
  • What if DeWitt Clinton ran a stronger independent Northern Republican insurgency campaign?
  • What if John Randolph personally ran a strong insurgent Old Republican campaign for his conservatives?
  • What if Chief Justice John Marshall had agreed to run as a superstar Federalist candidate?
  • What if former president John Adams sought a non-consecutive second term?
  • What if Alexander Hamilton had not been mortally wounded and ran in 1808?
  • What if John Jay opted to be the Federalist superstar candidate?
  • What if John Quincy Adams, the moderate son of John Adams, ran as a candidate that could potentially win Northern Republicans and Federalists?
  • What if Rufus King were on the top of the ticket, rather than as the VP nominee?

Feedback is desired.

President Infinity 1804 Election

 

US Election 1804

*The Historical Scenario Commission greatly updated this scenario on July 17, 2017 and on December 31, 2017. Version 3.0 can be downloaded here: United States – 1804 Final

Background:

The 1804 election took place during a brief hiatus in the French Revolutionary War abroad, resulting in booming international trade. Additionally, Thomas Jefferson’s decision to buy Louisiana Territory from Napoleon opened cheap land out West for settlers. As such, Jefferson’s popularity was arguably at its peak. Therefore, Jefferson’s renomination and reelection was virtually assured.

Meanwhile, Federalists were in disarray with only New England and New York having any semblance of an organized party. New England Federalists so opposed Jefferson that many of them, led by Sen. Timothy Pickering, hatched a plan to work with VP Aaron Burr to secede from the country if Jefferson won reelection. However, many notable Federalists, including Alexander Hamilton, opposed the scheme.

What Really Happened?
 
Thomas Jefferson sought reelection without contest from his party. Federalists were unable to convince any sort of superstar from running; therefore, they settled for last election’s VP-nominee, Charles Coatesworth Pinckney, whom they thought would father Southern support.
Meanwhile, the Northern secessionist plot failed badly. Secessionists banked on incumbent VP Aaron Burr winning the gubernatorial election in NY, and hoped that Burr would then align with New England and break off from Jeffersonian America. However, Alexander Hamilton thwarted both Burr and his fellow Federalists by working against the scheme and Burr’s election. Ultimately, Burr and Hamilton agreed to a duel over a lifetime of grievances against one another, resulting in the mortal wounding of Alexander Hamilton. Rumors of Burr’s dissatisfaction with Jefferson, rumors of his possible collusion in a secession plot, and his killing of Alexander Hamilton, resulted in Jefferson dropping Burr as his VP for another New Yorker, George Clinton. New England would make another secession attempt during the War of 1812, nearly a decade later.
On election day, Jefferson trounced Pinckney, 72.8% to 27.2% in the greatest popular vote landslide in a contested election. Additionally, Jefferson won four of the five New England states, including Massachusetts. Clinton helped Jefferson win New York. Only Delaware and Connecticut chose Pinckney.
Need a Suggestion as to who to play as? Try an win as these candidates:
  • Why not test your skill by attempting to defeat Thomas Jefferson with Charles Coatesworth Pinckney?
  • What if George Clinton, Aaron Burr, or Elbridge Gerry contested Jefferson’s nomination with the support of Northern Republicans?
  • What if James Madison became impatient and aimed to win the nomination for himself?
  • What if conservative Republicans had rallied behind James Monroe in 1804?
  • What if Alexander Hamilton ran for the presidency and survived his duel with Aaron Burr?
  • What if other Federalist superstars, such as John Marshall and John Jay ran?
  • What if John Adams sought a non-consecutive second term?
  • What if John Quincy Adams aimed for the presidency in 1804?
  • What if Gouverneur Morris or Henry Lee ran for the Federalists?

Feedback is desired.

President Infinity 1800 Election

 

US 1800 Election

[This scenario was greatly updated by the Historical Scenario Commission on July 15, 2017 and on December 27, 2017. Download version 3.0 here: United States – 1800 Final]

Background:

This election takes place amid a time of crisis. America has been caught in the fallout of the French Revolution, and finds itself in an undeclared war with Napoleonic France, which has been meddling in American domestic affairs, and harassing American merchant fleets. President John Adams has drawn fire from both major parties for his responses to French aggression. The Jeffersonian Republicans have gathered their energy from their fierce opposition to the Alien & Sedition Acts, while the Federalists have attacked Adams’s independent streak, and his desire to achieve peace with France. As such, Jefferson and Madison work to orchestrate a Republican Revolution, while Hamiltonian Federalists secretly wish to replace Adams on the ticket.

Another foreign policy issue facing the candidates is the increased attacks by Barbary Pirates. Should the US increase it’s navy? Should the US attack the pirates with the navy they currently have?

Domestically, one of the major issues, outside of the domestic realm of the Alien & Sedition Acts, is the question of expanded suffrage. Should more states allow a popular vote? Should the government sell cheap Western property to grow the voting pool? Should those without property be allowed to vote?

Also dominating the headlines is the New York power struggle between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton, as both hope to position New York for their respective parties for the 1800 election. Internationally, Napoleon dominates the news.

This election is also the last election under the old electoral system.  Electors vote on both the president and vice president, which had lead to Adams and Jefferson serving on the same ticket in 1796, despite memberships to different parties.

What really happened?

John Adams’s pessimism was well-founded. While he was able to upset Hamilton’s scheme to place Pinckney at the top of the ticket, Federalist in-fighting hampered Adams’s election chances, and while Adams restored his popularity with establishing peace with France, the news came too late to help Adams win reelection.

Jefferson’s popularity was such that his election was believed to be very certain. Despite this relative certainty, Jefferson’s allies held no punches during the campaign against Adams. Likewise, President Adams’s allies responded in kind, in what was a very nasty campaign, full of ad hominum attacks.

This election did not go smoothly. Combined attacks from Republicans and Hamilton threw Adams into a distant 3rd place in the election. Alexander Hamilton tried to convince NY Gov. John Jay to nullify the New York results when it appeared Republicans would take the state, but Jay refused.  Jefferson won in a landslide, but the supposed vice president choice, Aaron Burr, ended up with the same number of electors, as an elector had forgot to give a vote to someone else to prevent a deadlock. It was well-known that Jefferson was the lead man on the Republican ticket, but Aaron Burr did not bend. The election went to the US House.

After several tied votes, Alexander Hamilton made a surprise move by pressuring Federalists to give their Burr votes to Jefferson, who he believed had more principle, despite not being a moderate Republican like Burr. Hamilton’s influence handed the election to Jefferson, and made Burr vice president.

Need a Suggestion as to who to play as? Try an win as these candidates:

  • Can you win reelection as Pres. John Adams?
  • Can you upset Thomas Jefferson as Aaron Burr, winning the presidency from under the presumed winner’s feet?
  • Can you fulfill Hamilton’s plan to land the presidency to Charles Coatesworth Pinckney?
  • Can you secure a dark horse victory with John Jay?
  • What if Alexander Hamilton tried to take control of the party from John Adams by running in the election himself? Could such a controversial candidate win?
  • What if indebted Founding Father Robert Morris won in an attempt to resurrect his reputation?
  • What if Founding Father Gouverneur Morris ran as another Federalist option? Can such an elitist win with a Jeffersonian tide in the country?
  • What if Founding Father Rufus King, greatly respected by both parties, ran as a likable Federalist?
  • What if Rev War officer Henry “Light Horse” Lee ran as a Southern Federalist?
  • What if an Arch Federalist, such as 41-year-old Fisher Ames, ran? Could he win outside of Massachusetts?
  • What if the 77-year old Samuel Adams make a last run for the presidency, despite failing health?
  • What if former Northern Republican superstar George Clinton of NY made another attempt at the presidency?
  • What if Founding Father Elbridge Gerry ran as a rare Massachusetts Republican?
  • What if James Madison was too impatient, and opted to run for the presidency, even with Jefferson as the favored Republican?
  • What if 41-year-old James Monroe, figurehead of the Conservative Wing of the Republicans, ran in 1800?
  • What if George Washington’s freak illness in December 1799 had not killed him, and what if Federalists pressured him to run to prevent a Republican takeover?

 

Feedback desired.

My Confederate Series – 1885

My Confederate Series – 1885

In 1879, Gen. PGT Beauregard of Louisiana and Secretary of State JLM Curry of Alabama were elected President and Vice President, respectively. However, the Beauregard administration has not been viewed in a positive light. The country is in the midst of a severe depression, and President Beauregard has been blamed for it, resulting in his being the most unpopular President in the young history of the Confederate States. The primary reason for the country’s tanking economy, however, seems to be slavery, which has led many countries to cut off trade with states still practicing slavery. In turn, many states have now abolished slavery, leaving Alabama, Mississippi, and South Carolina as the only states where it exists, albeit in very small numbers. As a result, the election of 1885 expects to be a close one, and the Democrats’ hold on the Presidency is in real jeopardy. The New Republicans have chosen to ditch their name in order to attract moderate Democrats who would never vote for a “Republican”, and have taken up the name of the party from which they derived: Whig. The Whigs’ leading candidate for President seems to be Gen. James Longstreet, who was named Minister to the United Kingdom by President Beauregard, and the leading candidate for the Confederate-American Party is Sen. Zebulon Baird Vance. Vice President JLM Curry is facing some tough competition on the Democratic side, including from Attorney General Augustus Garland. Candidates are as follows:

Democrats

  • VP JLM Curry
  • Att. Gen. Augustus Garland
  • Chief Justice LQC Lamar II
  • Sen. Richard Coke
  • Sen. Joe Brown
  • Sen. Matt Ransom

What-if?s

  • President PGT Beauregard
  • former Secretary of State and the Treasury RMT Hunter
  • Rep. Clifton Breckinridge

Whigs

  • Minister to the U.K. and General James Longstreet
  • Sen. William Mahone
  • Judge Robert William Hughes
  • Fmr. Rep. and Mayor Robert Van Horn
  • Fmr. Rep. Curtis Hooks Brogden

What-if?

  • Fmr. Sen. James Alcorn

Confederate-American

  • Sen. Zebulon Baird Vance

*For a history of My Confederate Series see http://270soft.ipbhost.com/topic/14754-basic-history-of-my-confederate-series/

New York City Mayoral Election 12-15-17

new york city mayoral 2017 update 12-15-17

This is an update to my original NYC Mayoral Election scenario. Changes include:

  • Starting percentages equal to real-life results
  • Malliotakis moved to top of Republican listing of candidates
  • Richard Bashner added as “on” candidate
  • Robert Gangi added as “on” candidate
  • Michael Tolkin added as “on” candidate
  • Don Peebles turned “off”
  • All Republicans turned “off” except Malliotakis and Massey
  • Parties reordered
  • Turnout adjusted
  • Aaron Commey added as Libertarian nominee
  • Michael Tolkin added as independent
  • Sal Albanese added as Reform nominee
  • Independent parties renamed to Mayoral Lines
  • Primary percentages adjusted
  • Adjusted money coefficient
  • Removed Reform Party endorser
  • Modified primary delegates and turnout

President Infinity 1796 Election

US 1796 Election

 

*This election was greatly updated by the Historical Scenario Commission on July 13, 2017 and on December 15, 2017. Download version 3.0 here: United States – 1796 Final

Background: 

With George Washington eager to retirement, numerous potential successors have been proposed to follow the “Father of our Country” as the next president. While John Adams is the presumed heir, many critics of the Washington administration have proposed Thomas Jefferson, a major of Hamilton’s economic policies and John Jay’s treaty with Great Britain.

Dominating this election are the events in Europe, predominately the French Revolution, which hampers trade and commerce abroad, and potential stability domestically, as the elites fear an uprising by the masses in America. A new Revolution at home was a realistic enough supposition that even former anti-Federalist Patrick Henry converted to the Federalist Party, as he feared a populist revolt.

The John Jay Treaty is arguably the major issue of the election. This treaty probably prevented a new war with Britain, solidified our Western frontier, and somewhat strengthened relations with our former cousins, but to many it did not go far enough–lacking compensation for sunken American ships and impressed sailors by the British. The Jeffersonian Republicans also saw the treaty as a direct violation of our alliance with France; although, Federalists declared the alliance over after the French executed their king and declared a new government.

Additionally, a new figure–Napoleon Bonaparte–dominates the headlines, who could determine if America leans pro-British or pro-French.

What really happened?

John Adams was expected to follow Washington into office, but it was understood that he would face real opposition, unlike with Washington. Adams had believed that Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, George Clinton, John Jay, and Patrick Henry were his likely competitors, but of these only Jefferson, and to a lesser extent, Burr, posed any real threat. Federalists had decided to lead their support for Adams, except for a failed attempt by Hamilton to get Thomas Pinckney elected over John Adams.

For the the Republicans, Madison and others had convinced Jefferson, who pretended to be reluctant to return to public life, to run for president against his close friend, John Adams. Just as the Federalists needed a Southerner to balance their ticket, the Republicans needed a Northerner, and naturally New York carried the most weight. Rather than going with the usual George Clinton–who had just lost reelection for governor of New York to John Jay–Republicans opted to favor young Aaron Burr.

This election followed the old rules which required Electors to cast two votes, one presumably for president and one for vice president. However, electors didn’t strictly vote along party lines, and many Federalists voted for candidates that weren’t Adams or Pinckney. As such, while John Adams won the election, Thomas Jefferson became his vice president, rather than Thomas Pinckney.

Need a Suggestion as to who to play as? Try an win as these candidates:

  • Can defeat John Adams and begin the Jefferson presidency four years earlier?
  • Play as Thomas Pinckney and ensure that you become Adams’s VP.
  • Play as Aaron Burr and outmaneuver Jefferson as the Republican option
  • Play as John Jay and replaced Adams as the Federalist option
  • Seek revenge for George Clinton and beat out Aaron Burr as the major Republican of New York
  • Play as one of many “minor candidates” such as Samuel Adams, Oliver Ellsworth, John Henry, James Iredell, Samuel Johnston, and future two-time Federalist nominee Charles Coatesworth Pinckney.
  • Play as one of several What-if candidates (see below)

What if these candidates had launched a campaign? 

  • What if George Washington ran for a 3rd term?
  • What if Alexander Hamilton had opted to follow Washington into office?
  • What if James Madison had asserted himself into presidential politics earlier?
  • What if James Monroe, leader of the more conservative faction of Republicans, had decided to run earlier?
  • What if recently converted Federalist Patrick Henry had decided to run?
  • What if the recent debt-ridden “Financier of the Revolution” Robert Morris had run to repair his reputation?

Feedback is desired.

President Infinity 1792 Election

 

US 1792 Election

[Note: This scenario has been greatly updated by the Historical Scenario Commission on July 11, 2017 and on December 12, 2017.]

Download Version 3.0 here: United States – 1792 Final

Background:

President Washington, used to myth-like idolization, is incurring the first vocal criticism of his life since his defeat at the Battle of Long Island in 1776, nearly 16 years ago. The brunt of his criticism comes from Washington’s efforts to centralize government power, predominately through his open adopts of the economic policies of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. Additionally, Hamilton’s advice has taken clear precedents over the advice of ideological rival Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, who is becoming increasingly isolated and disgruntled. In fact, the followers of Hamilton are monopolizing the offices of the Washington administration.

Part of Washington’s Federalist’s leanings involves foreign affairs. Their official ally France is undergoing a revolution of extreme violence, which not only disrupts trade, but threatens the establishment with fears of such violence occurring in America. Washington, like Hamilton, sees a return to a closer relationship with Britain as the best change for financial and governmental stability. Here, Jefferson is the odd man out again, as he favors closer ties with the French. In short, Hamilton is nullifying Jefferson’s influence at the State Department.

Hamilton’s influence has led to the formulation of political parties. Those favoring Hamilton’s pro-business, pro-industrialization, pro-bank, pro-centralizing government are known as the Federalists. US Rep. James Madison has recently organized politicians opposed to most or all of these Federalist ideals and has elevated the more charismatic Thomas Jefferson as the leader of this opposition. In the North, George Clinton and Aaron Burr lead a Northern variety of this Jeffersonian Republicanism, which aims to appeal to the people, rather than to elitist authority.

Despite this, Washington is still popular and seen as indispensable. Personally, he wishes to retire, but both Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans urge Washington to run for a second term as the country eases into a relationship with a home-grown federal government.

As such, Washington is expected to win unanimously once again. The real race is for the vice presidency, and the occasional quasi-monarchist comments by John Adams makes the incumbent VP open to attack by Republicans, who hope to elevate Northern Republican NY Gov. George Clinton to the position.

What really happened?

As expected, Washington won a vote from every delegate. The delegates had a harder time considering their chose for VP, but as was probably likely, Adams won reelection, but at a much smaller margin than he had won by in 1788/1789. George Clinton made a respectable showing, and Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr receives some token votes.

Need a Suggestion as to who to play as? Try an win as these candidates:

  • Play as George Clinton and see if you can upset the Federalist dominance of the executive branch by defeating John Adams.
  • Play as John Adams and see if you can win every electoral vote, tying Washington, and sending the election to the house.
  • Play as Thomas Jefferson or Aaron Burr to see if you can be a tougher rival than George Clinton was for John Adams.
  • Play as the Simulation Party and watch the CPU play through the election.
  • Why not play as many of the what-if candidates (see below)?

What if these candidates had launched a campaign? 

  • What if George Washington had retired and John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and/or George Clinton had run on the “presidential ballot”? [Note: For this use the Adams, Jefferson, Clinton candidates with a “(P)” next to their name, and make sure that Washington, and the default Adams, Jefferson, and Clinton are all turned OFF]
  • What if popular Rev War General Artemas Ward ran. Politicians were surprised with his natural political ability.
  • What if the aging Rev War patriot Samuel Adams ran as a Jeffersonian Republican alternative to his cousin John Adams?
  • What if Samuel Huntington, arguably the most powerful man in Connecticut, had run?
  • What if the impressive and multifaceted Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Jay decided to run?
  • What if former Supreme Court Justice John Rutledge decided to represent the Deep South on the presidential ticket?
  • What if the famous Patrick Henry ran an opposition candidacy to John Adams?
  • What if Richard Henry Lee ran? Could he have a shot with flashier Virginians in the running?
  • What if future nominee, and former Rev War general, Charles Coatesworth Pinckney ran in 1792?
  • What if the ambitious treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton opted to join Washington on the ticket?
  • What if the “Financier of the Revolution” Robert Morris had run?
  • What if the leading voice of opposition in the US House, James Madison, had run in 1792?
  • What if the most vehement critic of the government, William Maclay, ran an insurgency candidacy?
  • What if the famed John Hancock positioned himself as the better Massachusetts man for the vice presidency?
  • What if Supreme Court Justice James Wilson, the only man to call for a popular vote at the Constitutional Convention, ran for the vice presidency?

Feedback is desired.

President Infinity 1788 Election

US 1788 Election

*Note: This election was improved and updated by the Historical Scenario Commission on July 8, 2017 and on December 11, 2017. 

Version 3.0 download here: United States – 1788 Final

Background:

The first presidential election take place amid uncertainty and chaos. Domestically, the country is struggling economically, as a result of a long war with Britain that has left the country somewhat crippled in production and trade, especially when you consider the bulk of our trade had been with Britain. The present Articles of Confederation, which binds the former colonies, has proved to be ineffective in the case of emergencies and in competing with European power.

As such, leading figures from each state had called a Convention in Philadelphia to amend the Articles of Confederation; however, the grand majority of delegates pushed for a stronger central government, resulting in a Constitution of the United States. One provision called for the election of a chief executive–the President of the United States.

As the election year of 1788 arrives, the several states are in the process of ratification, but some states are on the fence in regards to the Constitution. The more “radical” politicians, such as Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and George Clinton have been left out of the process. However, with the support of Benjamin Franklin and George Washington, and the authors of the Federalist Papers–Madison, Hamilton, and Jay–ratification seems more than likely.

In foreign affairs, a Revolution is brewing in France. While the possibility of a brother Republican is exciting, a revolution in France guarantees that trade with our new top trade partner and ally will greatly diminish, as the British are likely to block French trade.

This contest was really one for the Vice Presidency, as General George Washington, who had been president of the Constitutional Convention, was expected to win a vote from each delegate. As required from the Constitution at the time, the delegates would have a second vote to select the Vice Presidency. As Washington was a Southerner without foreign affairs experience, a pro-Constitution Northerner with foreign affairs experience was likely to become the next VP. This left John Adams, the first minister to Great Britain, as the frontrunner for this spot, since Benjamin Franklin, at 82, was too old, and John Jay was likely too young at 42. Those opposed to the Constitution turned primarily to NY Governor George Clinton.

What Really Happens?: 

As expected George Washington won a vote from every elector. John Adams, who was likely to win, was able to secure victory, arguably by a larger margin than expected, as he won more votes than all the other VP-candidates combined. This is most likely because New York was too disorganized to send electors, which cut the feet from under a John Jay or George Clinton ticket. Some argue that Alexander Hamilton might have schemed to prevent Clinton, an anti-Federalist, from entering the government and destroying it from within, even at the expense of fellow NY Federalist John Jay.

Need a Suggestion as to who to play as? Try an win as these candidates:

  • Why not try and disrupt the country’s attempt at federalization by joining the insurgency campaign of George Clinton?
  • Why not pick John Jay and see if you can take the VP spot, even without your home state sending electors?
  • Why not try and have the South lead the Early Republic by creating a Southern coalition to send John Rutledge to the vice presidency?
  • Why not use John Hancock, the former president of the Continental Congress, and see if you can rest New England from fellow Massachusetts man John Adams, and take the vice presidency for yourself.
  • Why not see if you can win every elector as John Adams, tying George Washington, and send the election to the House?
  • Why not “watch” the election as the Simulation Party to see how the CPU plays out the election?
  • Why not select one of many What-if candidates? (see below)

What if these candidates had ran?

  • What if the primary Declaration author, Thomas Jefferson, a leading critic of a central government, ran for the vice presidency despite a Virginian likely to win the White House?
  • What if popular general Artemas Ward ran? Is two generals too much for a presidential ticket?
  • What if Samuel Adams tried to upset his cousin’s candidacy for VP?
  • What if vehement critic of the Constitution, Patrick “Liberty or Death” Henry ran?
  • What if Benjamin Franklin ran? While 82 years old, it is possible he could have ruined Washington’s chances at winning unanimously.
  • What if James Madison, then 37, ran? Could the “Father of the Constitution” win?
  • What if the “Financier of the Revolution” Robert Morris had run?
  • What if William Maclay, a rabid critic of a central government, had run as another anti-Federalist?
  • What if Judge James Wilson, the only Constitutional delegate to call for a popular vote, had run?
  • What if Common Sense author Thomas Paine had not migrated to Europe in 1787, but stayed to take part in the Early Republic?
  • What if Henry Laurens, arguably the leading trafficker in slaves, had aim to take the vice presidency by creating a Southern Bloc?
  • What if Richard Henry Lee, a critic of a Constitution, had run?
  • What if ambitious general Horatio Gates had joined the race?
  • What if the celebrated artist, naturalist, politician Charles Willson Peale had run?
  • What if the “Father of the Bill of Rights” George Mason ran despite his provincial attitude and opposition to the Constitution?
  • What if the only Founding Father to sign all four major documents of the United States–Continental Association, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution–ran for the presidency? Could Roger Sherman win at age 67?

Feedback is desired.

Colombia: First Round of the 2018 Presidential Election

Colombia First Round

Introducing the First Round of the 2018 Colombian Presidential Election

REBUILD COLOMBIA ALLIANCE: Democratic Center and disidents from the Conservative Party. (RIGHT WING)

Candidates for the primaries:

  • Marta Lucia Ramirez (Conservative Party Disident)
  • Ivan Duque (Democratic Center)
  • Alejandro Ordonez (United for the Family).
  • Instead of Duque, from the Democratic Center is also:
  • Oscar Ivan Zuluaga the 2014 Democratic Center nominee
  • Carlos Holmes Trujillo the 2014 Democratic Center Vicepresidential nominee
  • Senator Maria del Rosario Guerra.

COALITION COLOMBIA: Green Alliance, Compromise Citizens for Colombia and Democratic Alternative Pole. (CENTER)

Candidates for the primaries:

  • Senator Claudia Lopez from Green Alliance
  • Former Governor of Antioquia Sergio Fajardo of Compromise Citizens for Colombia
  • Senator Jorge Enrique Robledo form the Democratic Alternative Pole
    BETTER VARGAS LLERAS: Radical Change Party and Better Vargas Lleras (RIGHT WING)

Movement.Candidates for the General Election:

  • Former Vicepresident German Vargas Lleras

HUMAN COLOMBIA: Movement Human Colombia (LEFT WING)
Candidate for the General Election:

  • Gustavo Petro, former mayor of Bogota

 COALITION FOR PEACE: Liberal Party, Social Party of National Unity, and             “We are all Colombia” movement.

Candidate for the primaries:

  • Humberto de la Calle Lombana, former Vicepresident of Colombia.
  • Clara Lopez, former Labour Minister and 2014 Democratic Alternative Pole nominee for president.

FARC: Common Alternative Revolutionary Force

  • Rodrigo Londono