The one-party governance of the United States has existed since the effective dissolution of the Federalist Party in 1816. James Monroe ran unchallenged for his second term in 1820. But now, there is disagreement amongst the party as to whom should run for the Democratic-Republican label in 1824. The party caucus, the traditional nominating organ in the era, has selected William H. Crawford, but a popular convention nominated Andrew Jackson. Also, John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay also believe they have a stake in running. Thus a four candidate but one party race begins in earnest.